Mac's Modeling, LLC.
Casting Parts in Resin (Updated 1/5/09)
Many modelers make their own parts by casting them in resin and white metal. It is not that difficult to do and can make a world of difference for detail on a model that does not exist in the kit parts.
I will explain the way I do this in the
following text and pictures.
Basic Materials needed:
Plastic or paper cups to mix the rubber
and resins in.
First off decide what you want to make. It
may be make parts that move which are molded all in one piece in a kit.
Now it's time to make the mold box. So there is no flex in the mold you really need to have approximately 1/2" of rubber all around the object. For this piece the box should be around 1 1/2" square and a little over 1" tall.
Use your imagination on what to make the box out of. I originally started out using plastic sheet. Cut to size and stuck together with tape and/or plasticine at the corners. You can use things like "thumb tack" boxes, poster board, rubbermaid containers, just depends on how big the part is. Remember; you want to be able to dismantle it to remove the finished mold, so if you use a container make sure the sides taper to the bottom. (Like the top of a 1:43 die-cast model case)
For this part, you can drill holes in the side of the box (approximately 1/2 way up) for the vents to poke through, this will aide in positioning the part in the box. Then place small support under the end of the part to make it level.
Time to mix the mold rubber. Put equal amounts of Part A and Part B in separate cups to equal an amount that will half fill the mold box, (always better to have more) then mix the two parts together. I always pour Part B (the blue) into the white. Mix slowly, scraping the sides and bottom of the cup to ensure a good mix. (This is why I like clear plastic cups, because you can see when it is mixed correctly.) Ideally at this point it would be nice to apply a vacuum to the mix, to extract all the air, but Vac pumps and chambers can get very expensive. You don't need one! Once it is mixed completely let it sit for a short while, then start banging the mix on the counter, this will make the trapped air come to the surface. You won't get it all out, but don't worry, this is not rocket science.
If you bought the correct cups you will be able to squeeze the top to give you a pouring lip (if you got the wrong ones they will just split) :) Now pour the mix carefully into the mold box, try not to pour any on top of the piece, the rubber will work its way under the part and start filling the box. (Make sure the part does not rise with the rubber.) Fill the box 1/2 way so that 1/2 the "gates" are still showing. Some careful tapping of the box on the counter or vibration will help any trapped air reach the surface. (If you watch it, you will see the air bubbles coming to the surface on their own.) Leave it now for at least 4 hours.
It would be a good idea to make the second mold at the same time in the same way. The detail of this are: mounting tubes where we want the bracket to move (have bolts) they also help in positioning the part in the mold box. You can see I drilled a small hole in the middle of the bracket, that allows the rubber to fill the cavity below. (I actually fabricated this bracket completely) But you get the idea.
4 hours has passed..............you now have to cut two corners out of the mold, the purpose of this is for location/line-up of the second half of the mold.
Time to mix up the second batch of mold rubber, just like the first time.
Once the rubber is ready, make sure the mold is completely clean and apply the release agent all over the mold, part and down into the corner you just cut out. Now pour the mix on top and fill the mold box. Leave it for another 4 hours. (This is usually the evening by now for me, so I leave it overnight)
In the morning remove the mold box from the completed mold, then carefully peel the two halves apart, if you have done everything correctly you should have something like this Here you can see where I cut the corners so the two parts of the mold will line-up correctly. I have also opened up the vent and pouring gate, by cutting a "funnel" in the top. You are now ready the cast the part in resin. Make sure the wife is out for the next part. ;) Pre-heat the oven to 150F.
Lightly coat the two halves with release agent. Put them together so they line up as they were in the mold box, then put the mold between two flat surfaces (I used plywood) and wrap a rubber band around it all to hold it together. Making sure they do not deform the mold, they just need to hold it together. Now pop it in the oven for 5 minutes.
While you are "baking" the mold, mix the two part resin the same way as the rubber, only a lot less of it, you only need a little more than the mold can take. You will finish up with a nice clear liquid if you have done it right (and are not using a pigment). Pull the mold out of the oven and place it on your surface you are going to work at. (I suggest laying down some aluminum foil on whatever surface you use and an old plastic grocery bag on top of that.) You will make a mess the first time. ;)
Carefully pour the resin into the mold cavity, don't do it too slowly or too quickly. The resin should rise out of the other vent on the top when the mold is full. At this point it is good to bang the mold on the counter, again to try and release any trapped air, making it come up the risers. After approximately 5 minutes the resin will set up and turn white, and in 30 minutes, depending on what resin you used, you should be able to remove the mold from the wood and the part from the mold, which should look like this if it doesn't....pour another, and another. It only takes 30 minutes max per part at this stage. And it's good practice, make enough good ones in case you screw up the finished parts. (And don't forget to turn off the oven).
Just so you know how easy it is to do; this was the first thing I ever cast in resin and only a few years ago. (I just bought the stuff and followed the directions.) I admit I am an engineer and part of my apprenticeship was spent in a foundry, which really helps understand the process. I hope I am explaining it well enough for you make your own parts.
The next part will continue.......lots more to come!
See it's easy! :)